When there are no stock Initial Public Offerings(IPOs) hitting the market, Mutual Fund IPOs seem attractive to investors, Since they often tend to think of Mutual fund IPOs in the same vein as they do of stock IPOs. However, there are some fundamental differences that they need to take into consideration. The price of a stock is based on its supply and demand. IPOs often get listed at a premium because when a stock opens, its demand is sometimes much larger than its supply. This is not true for mutual funds, where a separate unit is created at the time of investment, which is destroyed at the time of redemption.
Thus, the supply of mutual fund units is unlimited and so any appreciation in the value of a Mutual Fund’s NAV can never be due to an increase in the demand for a fund’s units. Moreover, in case of funds, your gains depend on how well the fund manager invests.
All things considered, it is generally a good idea to stay out of Mutual fund IPOs. A new fund is an untested entity without any track record. Your investment call will have to be made purely by looking at the fund manager and the Asset Management Company(AMC). Another issue is that of a possible opportunity loss. Your investments may be locked in for up to a month. This money could instead be kept in a liquid fund for a month and then invested once the fund opens for daily sale and repurchase post its IPO.
There are some exceptions to this. An obvious one is closed-end funds. Even though these are no longer in vogue, there are special funds called fixed maturity plans, which are similarly structured. If you want to invest in one of these, then the IPO may be the only option available.
Investors need to understand that fund IPOs are purely a marketing device that creates some excitement. AMCs always communicate strongly during an IPO. A discerning investor should absorb this information carefully and invest later when the fund opens for sale and repurchase on an ongoing basis. This is the same case for GOLD Funds also. They just reflect the international price of GOLD prices at prevailing international rate. All the gold mutual funds perform more or less the same. Investors can purchase these units on an ongoing basis.