Systematic Investment Plan
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) works on the principle of regular investments. It is like your recurring deposit where you put in a small amount every month. It allows you to invest in a Mutual Funds by making smaller periodic investments (weekly, monthly or quarterly) in place of a heavy one-time investment i.e. SIP allows you to pay 10 periodic investments of Rs 500 each in place of a one-time investment of Rs 5,000 in an Mutual Fund. Thus, you can invest in an Mutual Fund without altering your other financial liabilities. It is imperative to understand the concept of rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding to better appreciate the working of SIPs.
SIP has brought mutual funds within the reach of an average person as it enables even those with tight budgets to invest Rs 500 or Rs 1,000 on a regular basis in place of making a heavy, one-time investment.
While making small investments through SIP may not seem appealing at first, it enables investors to get into the habit of saving. And over the years, it can really add up and give you handsome returns. A monthly SIP of Rs 1000 at the rate of 9% would grow to Rs 6.69 lakh in 10 years, Rs 17.83 lakh in 30 years and Rs 44.20 lakh in 40 years.
Even for the cash-rich, SIPs reduces the chance of investing at the wrong time and losing their sleep over a wrong investment decision.
The cardinal rule of building your corpus is to stay focused, invest regularly and maintain discipline in your investing pattern. A few hundreds set aside every month will not affect your monthly disposable income. You will also find it easier to part with a few hundreds every month, rather than set aside a large sum for investing in one shot.
Rupee cost averaging.
This is especially true for investments in equities. When you invest the same amount in a fund at regular intervals over time, you buy more units when the price is lower. Thus, you would reduce your average cost per share (or per unit) over time. This strategy is called ‘rupee cost averaging’.
People who invest through SIPs capture the lows as well as the highs of the market. In an SIP, your average cost of investing comes down since you will go through all phases of the market, bull or bear.
This is a very convenient way of investing. You have to just submit cheques along with the filled up enrollment form. The mutual fund will deposit the cheques on the requested date and credit the units to one’s account and will send the confirmation for the same.
· There are no entry or exit loads on SIP investments.
· Capital gains, wherever applicable, are taxed on a first-in, first-out basis.
With a sensible and long-term investment approach, rupee cost averaging can smoothen out the market’s ups and downs and reduce the risks of investing in volatile markets.